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Projects Page 2012-2013
experimental design page
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Step 1 Brainstorming a Question
Step 2 Variables and Hypotheses
Step 3 Design Your Experiment
Step 4 Plan your experiment
Step 5 Do your experiment
Step 6 Background
Step 7 Analyze Your Data
Step 8 What does it mean?
Step 9 Prepare for Presentation
Kennett Middle School
Josiah Bartlett School
Ball size and bounce height
Size of Ball and Height of Bounce
This experiment will show comparisons that will determine if the size of the ball will affect the height of its bounce.
Does the size of a ball affect the height of its bounce?
Comparing rubber balls of different sizes which one will bounce higher?
I think the larger ball will bounce higher.
Graph of Hypothesis
Independent Variable: Size of a ball
Dependent Variable: Bounce height
Variables That Need To Be Controlled:
height of drop, number of trials, ball air pressure, ball position from which to determine bounce height, consistent assistants.
Vocabulary List That Needs Explanation
Air pressure at sea level is the equivalent of having many blankets, which would feel very heavy. If you have only one blanket though, it would feel very light, and this is like the air pressure at the top of a mountain. Each layer of air presses down on the layers below, and so the greatest pressure is at ground level where we have the maximum amount of air above. If we go above the height of mountains and into the stratosphere, the pressure will decrease until it reaches about zero, as here there is hardly any air above it.
Ensure all balls have the same air pressure using bike pump with gauge. Drop each ball from the same height 10 times and measure each bounce height. The balls will be measured each time with a tape measure.
Potential Problems And Solutions:
A ball might have less air in it, therefore ensure that all balls have the same air pressure prior to experiment. The ball may get damaged during the drops, so checking the balls for damage would determine if a new ball would be necessary.
The assistants may witness different bounce heights due to perception, so
should agree which part of the ball to look at for height of bounce (bottom of the ball as it rebounds).
Safety Or Environmental Concerns:
(add the correct headings from the
experimental design page
Number Of Comparison Categories:
This experiment will compare the rebound height of
three different sized sport balls.
Number of Comparison Samples:
There will be ten different samples of rebounds for each size of ball.
Number Of Observation In Each Sample:
The rebound height of each series of trials for each ball will be documented.
When data will be collected
March 1, 2013
Where will data be collected?:
Outside of the science room (B10) from the top of the second floor stairwell.
Resources and Budget Table
Where I will get this
Step 1: Set up the tape measure with centimeter-side up directly against the wall to measure the bounce height.
Step 2: Using an air pressure gauge, measure the air pressure of each ball.
Step 3: Determine the desired air pressure and inflate each ball to that level, testing air pressure at each interval.
Step 4: Using a flexible tape measure, determine circumference of each ball.
Step 5: D
rop each ball one at a time from the top of the stairs from the exact same height (e.g. outstretched arms, shoulder height).
Step 6: Assistants record the height of each ball bounce.
Step 7: Drop each ball 10 times and record the heights.
All three balls together
Measurement stick with the project
2/26/13 Do experiment
3/1/13 Experiment due
3/7/13 Analysis due
3/15/13 Discussion due
3/22/13 poster due
3/29/13 Science Fair
The average bounce height for the smallest ball (58.7 cm) was 166.6 cm, which was a higher average bounce than both of the other larger balls. There was a smaller difference between the smallest ball and the medium-sized ball average bounce height (3.1 cm difference), than the difference between the medium ball and the largest ball average bounce height (10.7cm). The difference in circumference between the smallest ball and medium ball was 5.9 cm, whereas the difference in circumference between the medium and largest ball was 50.6 cm.
All Raw Data
see data table
Devon Russell's Ball Bounce Height Data
58.7 cm Ball Bounce
64.6 cm Ball Bounce
115.2cm Ball Bounce
The larger ball (115.2 cm) average bounce height was 152.8 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (152.8/115.2) was 1.326. The medium ball (64.6 cm) average
bounce height was 163.5 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (163.5/64.6) was 2.531. The smallest ball (58.7 cm) average bounce height was 166.6 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (166.6/58.7) was 2.838.
The experiment demonstrated that the size of a ball did affect the height of its bounce. The smaller the ball is, the higher it bounced.
If this type of experiment were to be repeated, there would be different types of balls with the same texture but in different format (e.g. solid rubber balls of different sizes versus basketballs of different sizes).
Benefit to Community and/or Science
The people manufacture balls might be interested in the information about the different types of balls.
The experiment will use three different types of balls. The balls need to be the same texture.
The balls should be dropped two times during each trial. Their should be 3 trials for each ball
This Science Fair project set out to answer whether
the size of a ball affects the height of its bounce. My original Hypothesis was that the larger ball would bounce higher than a smaller ball.
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