Size of Ball and Height of Bounce


Problem Scenario

This experiment will show comparisons that will determine if the size of the ball will affect the height of its bounce.

Broad Question

Does the size of a ball affect the height of its bounce?

Specific Question

Comparing rubber balls of different sizes which one will bounce higher?

Hypothesis

I think the larger ball will bounce higher.


Graph of Hypothesis

deru12-1.png

Variables
Independent Variable: Size of a ball
Dependent Variable: Bounce height

Variables That Need To Be Controlled:

height of drop, number of trials, ball air pressure, ball position from which to determine bounce height, consistent assistants.

Vocabulary List That Needs Explanation

Air pressure:
Air pressure at sea level is the equivalent of having many blankets, which would feel very heavy. If you have only one blanket though, it would feel very light, and this is like the air pressure at the top of a mountain. Each layer of air presses down on the layers below, and so the greatest pressure is at ground level where we have the maximum amount of air above. If we go above the height of mountains and into the stratosphere, the pressure will decrease until it reaches about zero, as here there is hardly any air above it.
http://www.rcn27.dial.pipex.com/cloudsrus/pressure.html

General Plan

Ensure all balls have the same air pressure using bike pump with gauge. Drop each ball from the same height 10 times and measure each bounce height. The balls will be measured each time with a tape measure.


external image EVA_toys_ball_foam_ball_toys_kids.jpg
Potential Problems And Solutions:
A ball might have less air in it, therefore ensure that all balls have the same air pressure prior to experiment. The ball may get damaged during the drops, so checking the balls for damage would determine if a new ball would be necessary. The assistants may witness different bounce heights due to perception, so assistants should agree which part of the ball to look at for height of bounce (bottom of the ball as it rebounds).


Safety Or Environmental Concerns:

None


Experimental Design

(add the correct headings from the experimental design page before beginning)

Comparative Study

Number Of Comparison Categories:

This experiment will compare the rebound height of three different sized sport balls.

Number of Comparison Samples:

There will be ten different samples of rebounds for each size of ball.

Number Of Observation In Each Sample:

The rebound height of each series of trials for each ball will be documented.

When data will be collected

March 1, 2013

Where will data be collected?:

Outside of the science room (B10) from the top of the second floor stairwell.

Resources and Budget Table

Item
Number needed
Where I will get this
Cost
A
1
own it
$0
B
2
own it
$0
C
3
Borrowed it
$0
D
4
own it
$0
E
air pump
Borrowed it
$0
















Detailed Procedure

Step 1: Set up the tape measure with centimeter-side up directly against the wall to measure the bounce height.
Step 2: Using an air pressure gauge, measure the air pressure of each ball.
Step 3: Determine the desired air pressure and inflate each ball to that level, testing air pressure at each interval.
Step 4: Using a flexible tape measure, determine circumference of each ball.
Step 5: Drop each ball one at a time from the top of the stairs from the exact same height (e.g. outstretched arms, shoulder height).
Step 6: Assistants record the height of each ball bounce.
Step 7: Drop each ball 10 times and record the heights.

Diagram

digram.PNG

Photo List

All three balls together
Ball dropping
Measurement stick with the project

Time Line

2/26/13 Do experiment
3/1/13 Experiment due
3/7/13 Analysis due
3/15/13 Discussion due
3/22/13 poster due
3/29/13 Science Fair




Data Analysis
The average bounce height for the smallest ball (58.7 cm) was 166.6 cm, which was a higher average bounce than both of the other larger balls. There was a smaller difference between the smallest ball and the medium-sized ball average bounce height (3.1 cm difference), than the difference between the medium ball and the largest ball average bounce height (10.7cm). The difference in circumference between the smallest ball and medium ball was 5.9 cm, whereas the difference in circumference between the medium and largest ball was 50.6 cm.

All Raw Data

see data table

Devon Russell's Ball Bounce Height Data

Ball Bounce
Trials
58.7 cm Ball Bounce
Height (cm)
64.6 cm Ball Bounce
Height (cm)
115.2cm Ball Bounce
Height (cm)
1
161
168
145
2
182
177
181
3
162
167
138
4
162
155
145
5
165
162
152
6
174
162
155
7
163
159
157
8
167
161
149
9
165
162
152
10
165
162
154
Average Bounce
Height (cm)
166.6
163.5
152.8







Graphs

deru12-1- Bounce Average graph.PNGderu12-1-Trial data graph.PNG


Photos

deru12-1-medball drop.jpg.jpgderu12-1-drop start2.jpgderu12-1-airprssck.jpgderu12-1-ball measure2.jpg

Results

The larger ball (115.2 cm) average bounce height was 152.8 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (152.8/115.2) was 1.326. The medium ball (64.6 cm) average bounce height was 163.5 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (163.5/64.6) was 2.531. The smallest ball (58.7 cm) average bounce height was 166.6 cm. The ratio of average bounce over size (166.6/58.7) was 2.838.

Conclusion

The experiment demonstrated that the size of a ball did affect the height of its bounce. The smaller the ball is, the higher it bounced.

Discussion

If this type of experiment were to be repeated, there would be different types of balls with the same texture but in different format (e.g. solid rubber balls of different sizes versus basketballs of different sizes).

Benefit to Community and/or Science

The people manufacture balls might be interested in the information about the different types of balls.

Background Research

http://www.exploratorium.edu/sports/ball_bounces/ballbounces1.html

The experiment will use three different types of balls. The balls need to be the same texture.
The balls should be dropped two times during each trial. Their should be 3 trials for each ball

References

http://www.exploratorium.edu/sports/ball_bounces/ballbounces1.html

Abstract

This Science Fair project set out to answer whether the size of a ball affects the height of its bounce. My original Hypothesis was that the larger ball would bounce higher than a smaller ball.